A self-taught artist, poet, storyteller, and an active member of the Communist Party of India, Chittaprosad drew inspiration for his art from village sculptors, artisans as well as puppeteers. In 1943-44, he experienced the Bengal famine first-hand, resulting in his brutally honest depiction of human suffering in stark drawings and sketches made in pen and ink. These drawings and reports were published in People’s War, and culminated in Hungry Bengal, an eyewitness report comprising of written text and profuse sketches in stark black-and-white, copies of which were seized and destroyed by the British.
Powerful and emotive, his art of caricature emerged as a statement in favor of the oppressed masses and as a denunciation of the ruling class. As a self-conscious, reflective testimony, the drawings and caricatures of this period were a forceful outcry against the tyranny of domination and an indictment of prevailing conditions. Underlying the biting humor was a compassionate humanism and his images were essentially an appeal on behalf of the laboring poor and the marginalized.